Many people assume that the tumor is cancer. Yes, most of them are still confused and cannot distinguish between cancer and tumor. Can tumors cause cancer? Is it the opposite? Or is cancer and tumor the same thing?
Cancer and tumors, similar but different
Not all tumors are cancer and vice versa. Basically, a tumor is an abnormal cell growth in certain parts of the body. Tumors occur when body cells divide and grow excessively.
If cell growth occurs only in certain parts of the body and does not spread, then it is a benign tumor. While tumor cells that spread to other parts of the body are called malignant tumors or cancer.
Yes, cancer or malignant tumors are the same thing, namely the growth of body cells that are not normal and are spread to other body parts. Both of them do look similar but are different in some ways.
Similarities between cancer and tumors
Many people assume that cancer and tumors are the same because there are indeed some similarities in the nature of the two. Following are the similarities of cancer and tumor:
- Both can grow quite large. benign tumors or cancer can grow to a very large size.
- Cancer and tumors are both dangerous. Although cancer is still more dangerous than benign tumors, don’t underestimate benign tumors that grow. Some cases of benign tumors will be very dangerous, such as brain tumors that can destroy the brain structure slowly.
- Both can recur again later. If cancer and tumor treatments are not done properly and there are still abnormal cells left in the body, it is not impossible that both will reappear in the same body part.
Differences between Tumors and Cancer in the Body
Tumor types based on growth can be divided into malignant tumors (malignant tumors) and benign tumors (benign tumors). Benign tumors are usually only found in one part of the body and do not spread.
While malignant tumors or so-called cancers can attack the surrounding tissue directly, through blood vessels or enter the lymph nodes and spread to other parts of the body. Well, that’s the difference between cancer and tumor that you should know about.
Also, a malignant tumor (cancer) does not always originate from a benign tumor but can stand alone as a primary disease. Vice versa, a benign tumor still has the potential to turn into a malignant tumor (cancer), if there are other factors that trigger it.
For example Fam (Fibroadenoma mamma), a benign breast tumor if left for years there is a malignant change, this is known as Progress, the percentage of the likelihood is only about 0.5% -1%.
Meanwhile, according to several studies, the prevalence of tumors to cancer increases with age. This is believed to be due to the accumulation of degeneration of some DNA, causing abnormal growth of tissue.
Although there are some similarities, but cancer and tumor are still two different things. This can be seen from the differences they have, namely:
- Faster cancer growth. Cancer cells have very fast growth, while tumor cells don’t.
- Cancer is able to spread wherever he wants. Unlike tumor cells that only grow and settle in one part of the body, cancer cells are able to spread quickly to any part of the body.
- Recurrence site. In benign tumors, usually, a recurrence will occur again in the same body part as the previous case. But in cancer, recurrence can occur in any part of the body.
- Different treatment. Benign tumors are usually removed by surgery and all the growing tumor tissue is removed. But in the case of cancer, the treatment is a bit more complex. Cancer cells that are spread and grow quickly must be killed first with chemotherapy or radiation drugs. Then, the malignant tumor will be operated on, removed the remaining cells.
Tumors and cancer are abnormal growths of a tissue, which in the enlargement of this tissue, both can be up to very large. Both the tumor or cancer has the potential to be dangerous to cause death but it depends on the tissue that is attacked. In addition, both of them also have a repetitive nature (recurrence) despite having received the right therapy.
Here are some other properties that can distinguish the two, including:
1. Cell growth
The growth of the cancer cells themselves are classified as very aggressive and much faster when compared to the development of tumor cells. From the nature of progression (growth) is usual, doctors can assess a lump that has a malignant or benign nature.
2. Cell distribution
The spread of cancer cells induces surrounding tissue cells or even tissue that is far away from the cancer cells themselves, which in medical terms is known as metastasis. This metastasis is important to see whether the lump is a tumor or cancer. Tumor cells do not spread to the surrounding tissue, in contrast to cancer cells that can attack the surrounding tissue or even distant tissue. This spread is also important to assess the stage of cancer itself.
3. Cell properties
It has been explained before, that both tumors and cancers both have a risk of recurrence (residif) despite having received the right therapy. However, the location of the residif nature of tumor cells usually tends to recur into the same tissue, in contrast to cancer cells that can recur in other tissues that have been previously invaded either directly, through blood vessels or even through lymphatic tissue.
Finally, the treatment for tumor cells can be done by direct and complete removal through surgery or surgery. In another case with treatment for cancer cells that have spread, patients must be treated first with chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy. After the spread of cancer cells is overcome, then it is advisable to do the surgical removal of the cancer cells themselves.
Now, the difference between tumors and cancer that has been mentioned just now is becoming clearer. So, when your doctor finds a lump in your body and the initial diagnosis says that it is a tumor, do not immediately think the lump is cancer. In order to ascertain its status, further, inspection is needed to obtain truly accurate results.
The important thing that must be a serious concern is that cancer can cause death. One of the main causes of death in the world is caused by cancer. Most cancer sufferers can be treated and can be cured, especially if treatment is started early.
The difference between tumors and cancer is very clear. So, when your doctor finds a lump in your body and the initial diagnosis says that it is a tumor, do not immediately think the lump is cancer. In order to ascertain its status, further, inspection is needed to obtain truly accurate results.