Surely, you know what is NASA? Yes, NASA or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration is a flight and space agency whose job is to carry out space research and exploration and provide reports on everything related to earth and space.
This space agency is one of the best and prestigious space agencies in the world, you know. So, of course, it’s not easy if you want to work there, even though it’s also not impossible.
Here, 12 facts about NASA that you should know, who knows you are interested in working there.
1. History of NASA’s founding
NASA was founded on July 26, 1958, or 61 years ago. At first, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik I satellite on October 4, 1957, followed by Sputnik II the following month. The launch of this satellite greatly shocked America and made Uncle Sam’s country anxious if the Soviets sent missiles to American territory.
With all its ambitions, the United States does not want to bear the shame of being on the world stage. As reported on the History page, then in 1958 a congress was formed in the United States aimed at forming a body that specifically handles space events. This body was later named NASA, which is currently the best space agency of the United States.
2. NASA’s first mission
As written on the NASA website, that in 1959 NASA had carried out its first mission called Project Mercury or Project Mercury. This mission was carried out for several years and successfully flew humans out of space, competing with the Soviet Union at that time.
After the success of Mercury, NASA again published a new mission called Gemini. Gemini’s mission is a mission that is used as the foundation or embryo of the Apollo mission that successfully landed humans to the moon for the first time.
3. Successfully sending humans to the moon
After experiencing several failures, finally on July 20, 1969, NASA successfully landed humans the first time to the moon via Apollo 11. Neil Armstrong was the first astronaut to set foot on the moon, followed 19 minutes later by Buzz Aldrin.
As reported on NASA’s website, there were three crew members on the Apollo 11 mission, but only Neil Armstrong and Adwin E. Aldrin Jr. (Buzz Aldrin) stepped on the surface of the moon, while Michael Collins was in charge of driving the main plane to circle the moon while waiting his two colleagues are on the surface of the moon.
4. Now NASA is focusing on exploring the planet Mars
NASA is currently busy with an exploration mission to Mars. Space reported, NASA’s ambition to send the first humans to Mars, of course, this is a very big ambition and risky considering the landing to Mars will be far more difficult than the landing to the moon.
Currently, NASA has several times sent sophisticated equipment to the red planet, including surveillance robots. Robot weighing 2 tons will be a tool for data collection that is needed by NASA scientists.
5. Have experienced some failures
No ivory is not cracked, nor is NASA. With all its successes and achievements, NASA has experienced bitter failures and even claimed the lives of their astronauts.
Some of the most severe are the Challenger accident, the Apollo 1 mission fire, the Columbia shuttle accident, and several other accidents that caused enormous losses. Britannica reported that the 1986 Challenger tragedy killed seven NASA crew and astronauts.
6. Records the Song “Singed” on Earth
An audio recording named Earthsong “sung” by Earth was released by NASA in 2012.
The song was recorded by the Radiation Belt Storm Probes and contained a phenomenon called chorus – radio emission caused by plasma waves in the Earth’s radiation belt, Van Allen.
According to Craig Kletzing who helped build the signal capture instrument, the sound represented the sound we hear in the radiation belt if humans have radio antennas, not ears.
Scientists are interested in the phenomenon that is thought to be caused by radio emissions by the nickname “killer electrons”.
The ultra-relativistic particles have the energy to pose a threat to anyone in their path, including spacecraft and astronauts.
7. Design a Perfect Swimwear
NASA is working with the swimmer maker from the United States, Speedo, to design new clothes that can reduce drag or dragging water.
After testing more than 60 materials, NASA produced the LZR Racer, which is a very tight bathing suit, ultrasonic welding, and made of elastic-nylon and polyurethane woven.
At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, athletes using LZR Racer broke 23 world records. A few months later in the European Short Course Championships, 17 other world records were again broken.
Atashal the Federation Internationale de Natation sued the swimwear because it gave too many advantages to athletes.
8. NASA astronauts undergo training in the wild
Perhaps most people do not yet know that being an astronaut has to undergo a series of strenuous physical exercises, including survival in the wild.
One of them is an exercise in water. This makes sense because when astronauts return to Earth, they will occupy a capsule and usually land in the ocean.
However, the capsule did not always land at the place it should be. Therefore NASA is preparing to prepare all possibilities, namely by preparing astronauts to be able to live in the wild.
9. NASA’s Largest Building Has Its Weather
Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) at the Kennedy Space Center, when viewed from its volume is the fifth-largest building in the world. VAB has an interior volume of more than 3.7 million cubic meters.
The large size of the building and its combination with the humidity of the Flordia weather have created a unique problem. That makes VAB has its weather. On humid days, lay will form under the ceiling in the building.
This poses a problem for the structure in which billions of dollars are built. To solve that problem, NASA built a 10,000-ton air-conditioning system that prevents moisture from forming inside the building.
10. NASA is in arrears in paying for space waste for 30 years
In 1979, NASA came to the attention of many media outlets when the first US space station, Skylab, was destroyed as it entered Earth.
Parts of the station landed in the Indian Ocean and most were scattered in Western Australia.
There were no fatalities in the incident, but Shire of Esperance Australia fined NASA for US $ 400 for “littering”. However, NASA never paid the fine.
But that changed when in 2009 a California radio broadcaster heard the story and raised funds to pay fines.
11. Employs a Sniff Team
A man named George Aldrich has an official position as a chemical specialist at the Molecular Desorption and Analysis Laboratory of the White Sands Test Facility, New Mexico. He prefers to describe himself as “nasalnaut.”
The reason, Aldrich has a unique job. He sniffed everything NASA planned to send to outer space, to ensure that they were free of unpleasant odors.
According to Aldrich, limited space and heat can make odors smell more easily. When in outer space, astronauts can’t get rid of odors by opening a window. So, Aldrich’s job was to make sure that nothing in the spaceship could smell.
12. NASA Astronauts Strike in Space
In 1974, the Skylab 4 crew spent 84 days in space. With a heavy workload, they too felt stressed and went on strike – being the first and only one to occur outside the Earth.
The protest took place one month before their mission ended. The three astronauts decided to take a day where they did not work at all, relax, and enjoy the beautiful views of Earth. They also turned off the radio communication with the control room.
A day later, the astronauts returned to work. NASA was not happy with the actions of three astronauts, but they could not do anything about it.
Since that incident, NASA involved activities to relax and entertain the mind.
That’s twelve facts about NASA that you must know. Hopefully, this article can add to your insights and knowledge, yes!